Today at GDC, Google announced its new video game streaming service. The new service will be called Stadia. This builds on the information earlier this year that AMD was powering Project Stream (as was then called) with Radeon Pro GPUs, and now Google is confirming the project is a primary partner using AMD’s next generation GPUs. (Edit: AMD reached out to confirm that their press release only mentioned GPUs.)

Stadia is being advertised as the central community for gamers, creators, and developers. The idea is that people can play a wide array of games regardless of the hardware at hand. Back in October, Google debuted the technology showcasing a top-end AAA gaming title running at 60 FPS. Google wants a single place where gamers and YouTube creators can get together – no current gaming platform, according to Google, does this.

Ultimately Google wants to stream straight to the Google browser. Google worked with leading publishers and developers to help build the system infrastructure. Google is one of a few companies with enough content delivery networks around the world to ensure that frame rates are kept high with super low latency.

Users will be able to watch a video about a game, and instantly hit ‘Play Now’ and start playing the game in under five seconds without any download and lag. The idea is that a single code base can be enjoyed at any stream. At launch, desktop, laptop, TV, tablets, and phones will be supported. With Stadia, the datacenter is platform. No hardware acceleration is required on the device. The experience can be transferred between devices, such as chromebook to smartphone.

One of the highlights of Google’s demonstration of Stadia was the platform working on Google-enabled TVs.

The platform allows users to have any USB connected controller, or mouse and keyboard. Google will also be releasing its own Stadia Controller, available in three colors – white, black, and light blue. The controller connects via Wi-Fi straight into the cloud, and also which device is being run (it’s unclear how this works).

The controller has two new buttons. The first allows saving and sharing the experience out to YouTube. The second is Google Assistant, using the integrated microphone in the controller. This allows game developers to integrate Google Assistant into their games. It also allows users to ask Google when they need help in a game - and the assistant will look for a guide to help.

Stadia uses the same datacenter infrastructure already in place at Google. There are 7500+ edge nodes allows for compute resources being closer to players for lower latency. Custom designed, purpose built hardware powers the experience. Interconnected racks have sufficient compute and memory for the most demanding games. The technology has been in development inside Google for years.

At launch, resolutions will be supported up to 4K 60 fps with HDR and surround sound. Future  plans for up to 8K streaming at 120 fps are planned. The platform has been built to scale to support this. While playing, the stream is duplicated in 4K for direct upload – you get rendering quality video rather than what you capture locally.

The platform is instance based, so Google can scale when needed. Game developers no longer have to worry about building to a specific hardware performance – the datacenter can scale as required.

Sadia is powered by a custom AMD GPU with 10 TFLOPS of power, with a custom CPU with AVX2 support. Combined they create a single instance per person. Uses Linux and Vulkan, with full Unreal and Unity support. Havok engine support as well. Tool companies are onboard.

At a high level, the specifications for the GPU are almost a shoe-in for AMD's Radeon Vega 56, right down to the number of CUs and compute throughput. So while not confirmed, it's very likely that Google is using some kind of Vega 10 card; probably a variant of the Radeon Instinct MI25.

However it's notable (and unusual) that Google is only announcing their partner for the GPU and not the CPU. With AMD capable of delivering solid products in both categories, one would consider them a shoe-in for the CPU as well since they're already providing the GPU. However Google's announcement took special care not to announce the CPU partner, and even AMD emailed us that they could only confirm the use of AMD GPUs. So whether Google's CPU vendor is Intel or AMD remains to be seen. There are good arguments for each based on the vague specifications, though with AVX 2 support listed, if it is AMD then that would mean that Google has gotten their hands on some early Zen 2 CPUs.

One of the first games supported will be Doom Eternal from id Software, which will support 4K with HDR at 60 fps. Every user will get a single GPU with no other users.

UL Benchmarks (3DMark) has been working with Google to help benchmark the systems and measure the power of the infrastructure. Developers if required can use multiple GPUs, it appears.

Multiplayer is also supported, at least between different Stadia players. Distributed physics becomes possible, which means up to 1000 players in Battle Royale titles. There’s also the advantage, according to Google, of getting around hackers and cheaters.

Developers can support multi-platform multiplayer, and transfer save files between platforms. Game developers have already been working on MP demos with destructive environments using real-time rigid body physics, allowing for perfect synchronization.

Google also points out that split-screen gaming has not been a priority recently because of rendering two scenes at once. With Stadia, that problem disappears, as each player will be powered by a separate instance, reviving the idea of local co-op and squad based gaming. This also allows for multiple cameras for a single player to navigate a single map, for better tactics in certain types of games. Google says that this ability allows developers to create new types of games.

Built on Google’s platform, Stadia will also support machine learning. For developers that want to take advantage, they can incorporate Google and third-party libraries to help improve games over time and enhance the experience both on a per-user level and on a local/global scale.

The other focus on Stadia is the interaction with YouTube. Google points out that gaming has been a fundamental part of YouTube since its exception, and it is Google’s goal to help creators interact with (and monetize) their audience. The idea is that creators can directly livestream from Stadia, as well as play with creators through Stadia. ‘Crowd Play’ will allow users to play directly into the server instance with the creator – it acts like a lobby, so players will sit in line to play with their favorite creator. For example, the NBA2K above shows 'join this game (3rd in line)'.

Google states that any link from any location can act as a launch point for a title. This means that developers do not have to be limited to a single game store – games can be launched from almost anywhere, as long as the user is in an up to date Chrome browser. Google is also set to put extensive parental controls into the mix.

Google will be creating an entity called ‘Stadia Games and Entertainment’, headed up by Jade Raymond, enabling first party studios to use Stadia. Other partner studios will also work through the new division as outreach in order to enable game development on Stadia.

Developers who want to create for Stadia should go to to sign up for tools and resources. Stadia Partners for distributers. will be the hub for gamers.

Stadia will launch in 2019, in the US, Canada, UK, and most of Europe. No word on pricing yet, but Google will be announcing more in the Summer.



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  • mapesdhs - Thursday, March 21, 2019 - link

    Doubly so for 4K, the bottleneck is more the GPU anyway.
  • CoachAub - Tuesday, March 19, 2019 - link

    As a teacher, this could be a nightmare as my students will be able to game on a Chrome browser. Currently, they cannot install software due to firewalls or operating systems (ie:Chrome OS vs Win). I just hope our tech team can configure the firewall correctly or it will be a tough battle to keep them off the likes of Fortnite or Apex. Unfortunately, our IT still cannot block Youtube effectively. :D
  • Zoolook - Wednesday, March 20, 2019 - link

    You should probably look into upgrading your IT staff!
  • PeachNCream - Friday, March 22, 2019 - link

    Not using GoGuardian?

    Overall though, I agree with Zoolook. Your IT staff needs to be swapped out with a higher end model.
  • Gastec - Saturday, March 30, 2019 - link

    Don't worry, Stadia can be easily blocked. Unless you are talking about students who bring their own private laptops with Internet connection. That should not be allowed. Then again I've seen videos of "students" hitting their teachers while their classmates where grabbing a video to post it on YouTube. In my times the worst we did was to play Starcraft and Carmageddon over the IT lab's local network.
  • zodiacfml - Tuesday, March 19, 2019 - link

    Super compelling. They only factor Google can get this wrong is pricing. They have to absorb the costs for a while to suck gamers into the system. I wonder there is no mention of streaming smartphone games, it could allow cheaper phones to enjoy quality found in more expensive phones aside from improving the overall streaming experience
  • mapesdhs - Thursday, March 28, 2019 - link

    It's quite possible the base service will be free (check the leaks reported by TheQuartering), ie. the main revenue model will be adverts and microtransactions, plus initial game purchase costs. People might complain about this here, but the mass market has already made it very clear they're perfectly happy with this.
  • azrael- - Wednesday, March 20, 2019 - link

    I just vomitted a little bit in my mouth. Why? Because I hate the very idea of game streaming with a passion.

    The very thought of being (even more) at the mercy of an ISP and "playing" a highly compressed video stream just sends shivers down my spine.

    And then of course there's Google. They're probably frothing at the mouth in expectation of all the ads they can shove down our throat this way. They already have way too much information about us as it is.
  • mapesdhs - Thursday, March 28, 2019 - link

    I can understand your trepidation, but if the service *works*, and people are content with the privacy tradeoff, then we should start discussing the consequences and implications. As it is, everyone is ranting about latency, privacy, ownership, or some combination. I'm more interested in what this will all mean for the industry as a whole and the future of gaming, on the assumption that Google will be able to make it functionally viable. I don't like the privacy and other issues either, but I'm an old git. The reality is that in years to come people wil grow up with this sort of system regarded as normal; heck, we already have this.

    People are choosing to believe Stadia will fail because they want that to be the case, which is unwise. We would do better to ponder the effects of it being a success. All the comments about latency are based on completely different and much older systems. People are also ignoring the +ves, eg. Stadia putting pressure on ISPs to improve their services - I keep seeing people in the US moaning about how bad their net links are, so time to pressure ISPs to do better. And if there's *demand* for a better service than that is a market opportunity for someone new to step in and do it better. I bet direct Google fibre into the home will become a lot more popular. In theory Google could end up replacing a lot of ISP business entirely. In the long term, who knows, Stadia may become the new internet, the old tech regarded as being as oudated as MySpace. I'm speculating here, but you get the idea. Everyone is focus on the negatives because if their own biases and desires, which is understandable but does ignore the genuine +ves, regardless of the nature of Google as a company (I certainly don't like all their globalist, leftist, SJW nonsense).

    I see lots of people saying they will not use Stadia, but I bet in 5 years if it's become a roaring success a great many such people will by then have changed their mind.
  • Gastec - Saturday, March 30, 2019 - link

    I don't want Stadia to fail. I might even be tempted to use it when I'm not near my desktop, say in vacations. Like I could be temped to use cocaine, LDS or any such poisons, to cloud my mind and make me...dream? BUT I'M NOT! Alcohol and Google ads are enough drugs to last me a lifetime! I don't want Stadia because it's just another piece of Games As Service crap! Just like EA and Activision, Stadia and Google are CANCER! (sorry for the cliche)

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