Out-of-the-Box Performance Evaluation

Silicon Motion claims read speeds of up to 895 MBps and write speeds in excess of 700 MBps in their marketing material for the SM2708. However, these speeds are heavily dependent on the NAND flash in the card. For the sampled reference design, Silicon Motion mentioned that they were seeing 895 MBps reads and around 420 MBps writes in terms of peak performance. Real-world speeds are bound to be much lower, depending on the particulars of the access trace.

CrystalDiskMark [Fresh]

CrystalDiskMark serves as a quick check to ensure that the card can meet the performance claims of the manufacturer. The workloads were processed for the SM2708 card in both SD Express and UHS-I modes.

CrystalDiskMark [Fresh] Benchmarks
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In the out-of-the-box case, the read and write speeds in SD Express mode match Silicon Motion's numbers - coming in at 890 MBps and 418 MBps respectively. The bump in the random access IOPS in multi-threaded scenarios indicates that the SM2708 controller is pretty much a NVMe SSD controller with the legacy UHS-I controller functions addedin another form. The UHS-I numbers are around the 100 MBps mark, as expected. In any case, UHS-I operation is for backwards compatibility, and performance is not much of a concern in that mode.

Sequential Access - fio Workload

One key aspect to note with SD Express moving forward is that it is going to be pretty much impossible for the cards to maintain their peak speeds beyond the initial SLC cache region. In effect, the claimed speeds are going to be only for burst scenarios. For most applications, that really doesn't matter as long as the card is capable of sustaining the maximum possible rate at which the camera it is used in dumps data. We use fio workloads to emulate typical camera recording conditions. We first run the workload on a fresh card, and also after simulating extended usage (covered in a later section). Instantaneous bandwidth numbers are graphed.

fio Sequential Workload [Fresh]
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The reference design has a SLC cache of around 5.5 GB up to which write speeds of up to 375 MBps can be sustained. Beyond that, we have a 75 MBps region, and further on, 30 MBps. Once the controller has been subject to this traffic, the reads start off around 200 MBps before moving higher and higher and ending up at around 700 MBps. On the other hand, the SLC caching effect is a bit more difficult to track in the UHS-I mode. Write speeds vary from as low as 10 MBps to peaks around 62 MBps. Reads are consistent at 72 MBps.

Next Gen SD Card Review: SM2708 Simulating Extended Usage
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  • catavalon21 - Friday, September 10, 2021 - link

    Bullish = Optimistic
    https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/bullish
    Reply
  • Scipio Africanus - Sunday, September 12, 2021 - link

    Bullish comes from the world of finance and stocks.

    Watch or listen to any business news and you'll hear bullish and bearish used all the time.
    Reply
  • AbRASiON - Sunday, September 12, 2021 - link

    EXCELLENT NEWS!

    Another high speed microSD format which the manufacturers will ignore and never use.
    (No spite intended at you Ganesh, big fan)

    So tired of these things being developed, never used by anyone.
    Reply
  • yetanotherhuman - Monday, September 13, 2021 - link

    UHS-II is widely adopted in cameras. My camera from a few years ago has it, and I use a UHS-II card in it. I have a card reader that also supports UHS-II.
    To be honest, I think it's enough. 96 degree surface temps are insane.
    Reply
  • AbRASiON - Tuesday, September 14, 2021 - link

    Cameras, maybe, every other device on earth? Still has a slot from 2008. Reply
  • dqniel - Tuesday, September 14, 2021 - link

    "To our dismay, we found the surface temperature to be as high as 96C - something entirely unsafe for handling with bare hands. It does look like safety standards allow for such surface temperatures, provided the device is under 50mm x 50mm in size."

    Hah. I imagine those safety standards will get written if/when somebody sues.
    Reply
  • nandnandnand - Tuesday, September 14, 2021 - link

    Hot coffee, hot SD. Reply
  • ballsystemlord - Friday, September 17, 2021 - link

    @Ganesh You have two 404 errors/missing two benchmark images.
    Disk-to-Disk Read
    Disk-to-Disk Write
    Under the text, "Bandwidth for each data set is computed as the average of all three passes."
    When selecting "Expand all".
    Reply
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